- Summarize the basic structures and functions of flowering plants required for survival, reproduction and defense. Share this page Printer-friendly version Send by email; EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE. - Give examples of likenesses that are inherited and some that are not. video. NCES.5.L.2 - Understand the interdependence of plants and animals with their ecosystem. - Recognize that there is variation among individuals that are related. - Summarize the use of evidence drawn from geology, fossils, and comparative anatomy to form the basis for biological classification systems and the theory of evolution. North Carolina Extended Essential Standards Extended High School Life Science Note on Numbering: EX – Extended Standard LS – Life Science (LS) Life Science Essential Standard Clarifying Objective EX.LS.1 Apply safety measures and procedures in a variety of situations in the community and home. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards maintain the respect for local control of each Local Education Authority (LEA) to design the specific curricular and instructional strategies that best deliver the content to their students. The Science Essential Standards are categorized into three strands: Earth Science, Life Science and Physical Science. - Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another, and that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed. - Explain how the relative motion and relative position of the sun, Earth and moon affect the seasons, tides, phases of the moon, and eclipses. - Illustrate the motion of an object using a graph to show a change in position over a period of time. Raleigh, NC 27699-6301, North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, Connecting Communities of Education Stakeholders Conference, Common Education Data Analysis and Reporting System (CEDARS), School Accountability, Reporting, and Educator Performance, Superintendent's Quarterly, Reports and Legal Documents, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Assessment Specifications Summary NC Final Exams For Earth And Environmental Science Physical Science Physics And Chemistry, Crosswalk Earth And Environmental Standards, K 12 Science Graphic Organizer Support Tool, K 12 Science Graphic Organizer Support Tool ELD, Unpacked Content 1st Grade Science Standards, Unpacked Content 2nd Grade Science Standards, Unpacked Content 3rd Grade Science Standards, Unpacked Content 4th Grade Science Standards, Unpacked Content 5th Grade Science Standards, Unpacked Content 6th Grade Science Standards, Unpacked Content 7th Grade Science Standards, Unpacked Content 8th Grade Science Standards, Unpacked Content Earth And Environmental Standards, Unpacked Content Kindergarten Science Standards, Unpacked Content Physical Science Standards. - Understand the properties of waves and the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound waves. NCES.3.L.2 - Understand how plants survive in their environments. NCES.8.L.1 - Understand the hazards caused by agents of diseases that effect living organisms. (conduction, convection or radiation). NCES.K.P.2 - Understand how objects are described based on their physical properties and how they are used. - Understand the structure, classifications and physical properties of matter. - Summarize the structure of the earth, including the layers, the mantle and core based on the relative position, composition and density. - Recognize that air is a substance that surrounds us, takes up space and has mass. - Explain how the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed with respect to some other object. - Explain how the cycling of water in and out of the atmosphere and atmospheric conditions relate to the weather patterns on Earth. - Understand motion and factors that affect motion. NCES.K.L.1 - Compare characteristics of animals that make them alike and different from other animals and nonliving things. The Digital Learning Standards were approved by the NC State Board of Education in 2019 and will replace the ITES, with required implementation for schools in 2020. - Understand forms of energy, energy transfer and transformation and conservation in mechanical systems. - Understand how forces (pushes or pulls) affect the motion of an object. NCES.5.L.3 - Understand why organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism. NC Science Essential Standards 8th Grade Matter: Properties and Change 8.P.1 Understand the properties of matter and changes that occur when matter interacts in an open and closed container. - Understand weather patterns and phenomena, making connections to the weather in a particular place and time. NCES.8.P.2 - Explain the environmental implications associated with the various methods of obtaining, managing, and using energy resources. - Understand the structures, processes and behaviors of plants that enable them to survive and reproduce. - Understand properties of solids and liquids and the changes they undergo. - Explain the monthly changes in the appearance of the moon, based on the moon's orbit around the Earth. ES Biology. ; NCES.5.P.1.2 - Infer the motion of objects in terms of how far they travel in a certain amount of time … NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers. - Remember the function of the following structures as it relates to the survival of plants in their environments: Roots - absorb nutrients;Stems - provide support;Leaves - synthesize food;Flowers - attract pollinators and produce seeds for reproduction. 8.P.1.1 Classify matter as elements, compounds, or mixtures based on how the atoms are packed together in arrangements. Correlations to Standards. - Recognize that the earth is part of a system called the solar system that includes the sun (a star), planets, and many moons and the earth is the third planet from the sun in our solar system. NCES.6.E.2 - Understand the structure of the earth and how interactions of constructive and destructive forces have resulted in changes in the surface of the Earth over time and the effects of the lithosphere on humans. NCES.4.L.2 - Understand food and the benefits of vitamins, minerals and exercise. - Summarize ways that humans protect their environment and/or improve conditions for the growth of the plants and animals that live there. - Recognize the features and patterns of the earth/moon/sun system as observed from Earth. PHYSICAL SCIENCE FORCES AND MOTION Understand motion in terms of speed, velocity, acceleration and momentum - Explain how kinetic and potential energy contribute to the mechanical energy of an object. - Understand the processes, structures and functions of living organisms that enable them to survive, reproduce and carry out the basic functions of life. View your entire K–8 correlation to the North Carolina Science Essential Standards. - Understand motion, the effects of forces on motion and the graphical representations of motion. Nonetheless, engaging students in inquiry -based instruction is a critical way of Nonetheless, engaging students in inquiry -based instruction is a critical way of - Explain how the idea of atoms and a balanced chemical equation support the law of conservation of mass. - Understand change and observable patterns of weather that occur from day to day and throughout the year. - Summarize how electrically charged objects push or pull on other electrically charged objects and produce motion. - Illustrate how sound is produced by vibrating objects and columns of air. ES K-12. •Locate K-12 Science Essential Standards and support documents. - Recognize that changes in the length and direction of an object's shadow indicate the apparent changing position of the Sun during the day although the patterns of the stars in the sky, to include the Sun, stay the same. - Understand the use of fossils and changes in the surface of the earth as evidence of the history of Earth and its changing life forms. - Summarize the physical properties of Earth materials, including rocks, minerals, soils and water that make them useful in different ways. North Carolina Extended Essential Standards Science 3-5 The Alternate Achievement Standards for Students With the Most Significant Cognitive Disabilities Non-Regulatory Guidance states, ò…materials should show a clear link to the content standards for the … - Classify substances as food or non-food items based on their ability to provide energy and materials for survival, growth and repair of the body. - Summarize the life cycle of animals: Birth, Developing into an adult, Reproducing, Aging and death. - Explain how energy can be transformed from one form to another (specifically potential energy and kinetic energy) using a model or diagram of a moving object (roller coaster, pendulum, or cars on ramps as examples). - Summarize the basic characteristics of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites relating to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease. NCES.6.L.1 - Understand the structures, processes and behaviors of plants that enable them to survive and reproduce. - Explain why Earth sustains life while other planets do not based on their properties (including types of surface, atmosphere and gravitational force) and location to the Sun. - Identify ways in which many plants and animals closely resemble their parents in observed appearance and ways they are different. NCES.4.E.1 - Explain the causes of day and night and phases of the moon. - Understand how plants survive in their environments. - Explain how animals meet their needs by using behaviors in response to information received from the environment. - Compare physical changes such as size, shape and state to chemical changes that are the result of a chemical reaction to include changes in temperature, color, formation of a gas or precipitate. - Remember that organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism. - Infer the effects that may result from the interconnected relationship of plants and animals to their ecosystem. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards are the curriculum articulated for students in grades K-12 science. NCES.8.E.2 - Understand the history of Earth and its life forms based on evidence of change recorded in fossil records and landforms. - Compare the physical properties of samples of matter: (strength, hardness, flexibility, ability to conduct heat, ability to conduct electricity, ability to be attracted by magnets, reactions to water and fire). - Summarize the distinct stages of the life cycle of seed plants. - Recognize that energy takes various forms that may be grouped based on their interaction with matter. - Understand the properties of matter and changes that occur when matter interacts in an open and closed container. - Infer the motion of objects in terms of how far they travel in a certain amount of time and the direction in which they travel. - Explain how plants respond to external stimuli (including dormancy and forms of tropism) to enhance survival in an environment. - Predict the effect of a given force or a change in mass on the motion of an object. - Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards maintain the respect for local control of each Local Education Authority (LEA) to design the specific curricular and instructional strategies that best deliver the content to their students. - Compare Earth's saltwater and freshwater features (including oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, and glaciers). - Give examples of matter that change from a solid to a liquid and from a liquid to a solid by heating and cooling. - Explain how the basic properties (texture and capacity to hold water) and components (sand, clay and humus) of soil determine the ability of soil to support the growth and survival of many plants. NCES.2.L.2 - Remember that organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism. NCES.3.E.2 - Compare the structures of the Earth's surface using models or three-dimensional diagrams. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards maintain the respect for local control of each Local Education Authority (LEA) to design the specific curricular and instructional strategies that best deliver the content to their students . NCES.8.E.1 - Understand the hydrosphere and the impact of humans on local systems and the effects of the hydrosphere on humans. NCES.4.P.3 - Recognize that energy takes various forms that may be grouped based on their interaction with matter. - Understand the structure of the earth and how interactions of constructive and destructive forces have resulted in changes in the surface of the Earth over time and the effects of the lithosphere on humans. - Explain the causes of day and night and phases of the moon. - Understand how structures and systems of organisms (to include the human body) perform functions necessary for life. - Summarize weather conditions using qualitative and quantitative measures to describe: Temperature, Wind direction, Wind speed, Precipitation. - Understand the hydrosphere and the impact of humans on local systems and the effects of the hydrosphere on humans. - Explain how simple machines such as inclined planes, pulleys, levers and wheel and axels are used to create mechanical advantage and increase efficiency. Grades K–5 Grades 6–8. - Explain the effects of the transfer of heat (either by direct contact or at a distance) that occurs between objects at different temperatures. - Understand the composition of various substances as it relates to their ability to serve as a source of energy and building materials for growth and repair of organisms. - Compare characteristics of animals that make them alike and different from other animals and nonliving things. - Recognize that energy can be transferred from a warmer object to a cooler one by contact or at a distance and the cooler object gets warmer. Return To Standards. - Summarize space exploration and the understandings gained from them. NCES.6.P.1 - Understand the properties of waves and the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound waves. - Predict the effect of a given force on the motion of an object, including balanced forces. - Compare the physical properties of pure substances that are independent of the amount of matter present including density, melting point, boiling point, and solubility to properties that are dependent on the amount of matter present to include volume, mass and weight. - Understand the physical properties of Earth materials that make them useful in different ways. - Compare Earth's land features (including volcanoes, mountains, valleys, canyons, caverns, and islands) by using models, pictures, diagrams, and maps. The Science Essential Standards are categorized into three strands: Earth Science, Life Science and Physical Science. - Understand the positions and motions of objects and organisms observed in the environment. - Explain how the properties of some materials change as a result of heating and cooling. NC: Essential Standards: 2nd Grade: NCES.2.P.2.3: Compare what happens to water left … Grade 5 Science Unpacked Content Current as of March 28, 2011 This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Essential Standards (Standard Course of Study). - Explain the role of vitamins, minerals and exercise in maintaining a healthy body. Accountability Services, Testing, NCFE, Science, Released Tests, Science, Elementary, Middle, High, Glossary, Science, Elementary, Middle, High, Graphic Organizer. NCES.3.E.1 - Recognize the major components and patterns observed in the earth/moon/sun system. - Interpret distance versus time graphs for constant speed and variable motion. NCES.5.P.2 - Understand the interactions of matter and energy and the changes that occur. NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Subject. - Summarize the basic needs of a variety of different plants (including air, water, nutrients, and light) for energy and growth. - Explain how the sun's energy impacts the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff). How to tell the difference between COVID-19, allergies and the flu. Matter: Properties and Changes. - Compare the properties of waves to the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound. NCES.K.E.1 - Understand change and observable patterns of weather that occur from day to day and throughout the year. - Recognize that all matter is made up of atoms and atoms of the same element are all alike, but are different from the atoms of other elements. - Explain the use of fossils, ice cores, composition of sedimentary rocks, faults, and igneous rock formations found in rock layers as evidence of the history of the Earth and its changing life forms. - Explain how humans can adapt their behavior to live in changing habitats (e.g., recycling wastes, establishing rain gardens, planting trees and shrubs to prevent flooding and erosion). - Explain the effect of heat on the motion of atoms through a description of what happens to particles during a change in phase. - Explain why offspring that result from sexual reproduction (fertilization and meiosis) have greater variation than offspring that result from asexual reproduction (budding and mitosis). - Explain how the flow of energy within food webs is interconnected with the cycling of matter (including water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and oxygen). It uses antibodies... video. - Compare the relative position of various objects observed in the classroom and outside using position words such as: in front of, behind, between, on top of, under, above, below and beside. NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Science Download PDF Kindergarten Strand: Earth Systems, Structures and Processes NCES.K.E.1 - Understand change and observable patterns of weather that occur from day to day and throughout the year.. NCES.K.E.1.1 - Infer that change is something that happens to many things in the environment based on observations made using one or … Read more about NC Essential Science Standards: Seventh Grade; NC Essential Science Standards: Sixth Grade. 6301 Mail Service Center Raleigh, NC 27699-6301 - Conclude that the good health of humans requires: monitoring the atmosphere, maintaining air quality and stewardship. - Compare weather patterns that occur from season to season. - Understand how objects are described based on their physical properties and how they are used. - Understand the effects of environmental changes, adaptations and behaviors that enable animals (including humans) to survive in changing habitats. - Explain the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces acting on an object (including friction, gravity and magnets). NC Essential Science Standards: Physics. - Understand the relationship between sound and vibrating objects. NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Earth & Environmental Science Download PDF High School Strand: Earth in the Universe NCES.EEn.1.1 - Explain the Earth's role as a body in space.. NCES.EEn.1.1.1 - Explain the Earth's motion through space, including precession, nutation, the barycenter, and its path about the galaxy. - Understand the hazards caused by agents of diseases that effect living organisms. - Give examples of how the needs of different plants and animals can be met by their environments in North Carolina or different places throughout the world. - Compare the characteristics of several common ecosystems, including estuaries and salt marshes, oceans, lakes and ponds, forests, and grasslands). The current state Information & Technology Essential Standards (ITES) were approved by the NC State Board of Education in 2009, with piloted implementation for schools in 2010. - Compare the structures and functions of plant and animal cells, including major organelles (cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and vacuoles). - Compare the different functions of the skeletal and muscular system. - Summarize how the abiotic factors (such as temperature, water, sunlight, and soil quality) of biomes (freshwater, marine, forest, grasslands, desert, Tundra) affect the ability of organisms to grow, survive and/or create their own food through photosynthesis. - Predict upcoming weather events from weather data collected through observation and measurements. - Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to slow processes such as erosion and weathering, and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes. ES 8th Grade. - Recognize that energy can be transferred from one system to another when two objects push or pull on each other over a distance (work) and electrical circuits require a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass. 6301 Mail Service Center Raleigh, NC 27699-6301 - Summarize how energy from the sun serves as a source of light that warms the land, air and water. - Explain how minerals are identified using tests for the physical properties of hardness, color, luster, cleavage and streak. NCES.4.P.2 - Understand the composition and properties of matter before and after they undergo a change or interaction. - Explain how the physical properties of elements and their reactivity have been used to produce the current model of the Periodic Table of elements. - Explain the suitability of materials for use in technological design based on a response to heat (to include conduction, expansion, and contraction) and electrical energy (conductors and insulators). The North Carolina Science Essential Standards maintain the respect for local control of each Local Education Authority (LEA) to design the specific curricular and instructional strategies that best deliver the content to their students. NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Biology Download PDF High School Strand: Structure and Functions of Living Organisms NCES.Bio.1.1 - Understand the relationship between the structures and functions of cells and their organelles.. NCES.Bio.1.1.1 - Summarize the structure and function of organelles in eukaryotic cells (including: the nucleus, plasma membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, … - Recognize the major components and patterns observed in the earth/moon/sun system. - Classify rocks as metamorphic, igneous, or sedimentary based on their composition, how they are formed and the processes that create them. - Explain how various forces affect the motion of an object. NCES.2.E.1 - Understand patterns of weather and factors that affect weather. - Explain how heating and cooling affect some materials and how this relates to their purpose and practical applications. - Infer patterns of heredity using information from Punnett squares and pedigree analysis. - Understand the interdependence of plants and animals with their ecosystem. - Recognize how energy can be transferred from one object to another. - Compare the structures of the Earth's surface using models or three-dimensional diagrams. NCES.6.L.2 - Understand the flow of energy through ecosystems and the responses of populations to the biotic and abiotic factors in their environment. - Understand how the cycling of matter (water and gases) in and out of the atmosphere relates to Earth. - Summarize changes that occur to the observable properties of materials when different degrees of heat are applied to them, such as melting ice or ice cream, boiling water or an egg, or freezing water. - Infer changes in speed or direction resulting from forces acting on an object. EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE. - Summarize how food provides the energy and the molecules required for building materials, growth and survival of all organisms (to include plants). 301 N. Wilmington StreetRaleigh, NC 27601-2825 Education Building984-236-2100, 6301 Mail Service Center NC Essential Science Standards: Earth & Environmental Science. - Explain the cause of day and night based on the rotation of Earth on its axis. - Explain the relationship among a healthy diet, exercise, and the general health of the body (emphasis on the relationship between respiration and digestion). - Understand the relationship of the mechanisms of cellular reproduction, patterns of inheritance and external factors to potential variation among offspring. - Compare the major systems of the human body (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, muscular, skeletal, and cardiovascular) in terms of their functions necessary for life. 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