Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Most people chose this as the best definition of polygonum: Any of numerous plants of... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. These are primarily included because names of species rank … : any of a genus (Polygonum) of herbs of the buckwheat family with a prominent tubular sheath around the base of each petiole, thickened nodes, and flowers that are solitary and axillary or in spiked racemes. Within the tribe, it is most closely related to the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called "DAP clade". click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Polygonum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Jennifer Anderson. polygonum meaning. Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Gr. (poʊˈlɪgənəm ; pəˈlɪgənəm ) noun. : 501-36-0Test method ... is a stilbenoid, a type of natural phenol, and a phytoalexin produced naturally by several plants in response to injury or when the plant is … How to Grow Polygonum Plants Guide to Growing Knotweed, Bistort and Wiregrass. The Plant List includes 1,256 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Polygonum.Of these 181 are accepted species names. Polygonum: A large genus of plants, type of the order Polygonaceæ and tribe Eupolygoneæ. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae. In The Man Who Laughs Victor Hugo wrote of the Comprachicos (child-buyers) who created artificial dwarfs, formed "by anointing babies' spines with the grease of bats, moles and dormice" and using drugs such as "dwarf elder, knotgrass, and daisy juice". Definition of polygonum. Most species are considered weedy, especially in moist soils in the USA. Related words - Polygonum synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Information and translations of polygonum cuspidatum in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Etymology: [NL., fr. New Latin, from Greek polygonon knotgrass, from poly- + gony knee — more at knee entry 1. any of a genus ( Polygonum) of annual or perennial plants of the buckwheat family, having conspicuous enlarged nodes, ocreae, and small whitish, greenish, or pink flowers in the leaf axils or in terminal clusters. Matang nga nahiubos. polygony meaning. The Plant List includes a further 426 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Polygonum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. There have been various opinions about how broadly the … [7] What Are the Benefits of Polygonum Multiflorum?. [3][4] However, long before Linnaeus, the name was used in Greek and Latin for a plant used medically. polygonum in American English. ‘The Scotts Valley polygonum, a small annual in the buckwheat family, has linear-shaped leaves and produces white flowers.’ ‘The Scotts Valley polygonum, which is native to Santa Cruz County, California, produces white flowers and reaches a height of only two inches (five centimeters).’ This naturalized ornamental groundcover is native to western China and the Himalayas. The species are very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants. [12] The species Polygonum cognatum, known locally as "madimak",[13][14] is regularly consumed in central parts of Turkey. Meaning of Polygonum. How to use polygonum in a sentence. Video shows what polygony means. [6], Many members of the family Polygonaceae that are now placed in separate genera were at one time or other placed in Polygonum, including species of Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Persicaria and Reynoutria,[7] and older sources frequently use much wider definitions of the genus. It is an annual found in fields and wasteland, with white flowers from June to October. Former genera such as Polygonella have been subsumed into Polygonum; other genera have been split off. Polygonum (noun) a genus of plants embracing a large number of species, including bistort, knotweed, smartweed, etc. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Polygonum: Pages in category "Polygonum" The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total. Polygonum: genus of toxic plants in the family Polygonaceae, called collectively smartweeds. Hepatotoxicity in Rats Induced by Aqueous Extract of Polygoni Multiflori Radix, Root of Polygonum multiflorum Related to the Activity Inhibition of CYP1A2 or CYP2E1 Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Polygonum explanation. Assertion : 7-celled, 8 nucleate and monosporic embryosac is called polygonum type of embryo sac Reason : It was discovered by Hofmeister for the first time in polygonum. [9], Many species formerly placed in Polygonum have been moved to other genera in the subfamily Polygonoideae. Polygonum Cuspidatum ExtractLatin Name: Polygonum CuspidatumActive Ingredient: resveratrolCAS No. See more. Clarifying the circumscription of genera split from Polygonum was described in 2015 as "still ongoing". The native Pennsylvania Smartweed, formerly Polygonum pensylvanicum, is common throughout most agricultural regions of the state and often weedy in urban areas, and was once considered a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota. What does polygonum cuspidatum mean? The genus primarily grows in northern temperate regions. Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR, root of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., He Shou Wu) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that has been used in Chinese clinics for centuries. Learn a new word every day. [2], The genus Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754. Example sentences containing Polygonum The leaves are arranged alternately, usually less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long, with a length greater than the width. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). For example, buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) has sometimes been included in the genus as Polygonum fagopyrum. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. Several species can be eaten cooked,[11] for example during famines. Ang Polygonum sakop sa kabanay nga Polygonaceae. Meaning of polygonum cuspidatum. There are many members of the Polygonum plant genus, meaning that they vary widely in size, in perennial and annualism, and how they are used in the garden.. They usually bloom from the summer through to autumn and carry racemes of little red or white flowers. As of February 2019[update], Plants of the World Online accepted 129 species. Read More. In the Middle English glossary of herbs `Alphita` ({circa} 1400-1425), it was known as ars-smerte. The idea of such use was also known to Shakespeare, as Beatrice K. Otto pointed out, quoting A Midsummer Night's Dream:[15]. Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae). It is also called prostrate knotweed , birdweed , pigweed and lowgrass . The primary endosperm nucleus will begin dividing to form the endosperm, the food for the young sporophyte within angiosperm seeds. Their stems are erect, prostrate, or sometimes twining. Definition of polygonum cuspidatum in the Definitions.net dictionary. Delivered to your inbox! How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. Fallopia ciliinodis). Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Any of many plants, of the family Polygonaceae, embracing a large number of species, including bistort, knotweed, smartweed, etc.. polygonum pronunciation. What does Polygonum mean? [1] There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Polygonum in Latin is a "polygon". 'fecund', 'with many offspring'. So called in allusion to the numerous joints.] Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. [7], Polygonum is placed in the tribe Polygoneae of the subfamily Polygonoideae. Information about Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. They have a membranous ochrea (a sheath around the stem nodes). 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Variations found in the remaining 30 percent represent derivations from the Polygonum type of seed development. The perianth is usually a corolla of four to six small leaves: there are four to eight stamens and two to three styles. Statistics. Definition of Polygonum in the Fine Dictionary. Video shows what polygonum means. Discussing the plant he knew as polygonum in 1655, Matthias Martinius referred to Scribonius Largus (who wrote a list of prescriptions around 47 AD) and gave an alternative etymology, based on γόνος (gonos, 'offspring', 'seed'), the meaning of the name then being the Latin foecundus, i.e. …megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis, called the Polygonum type, occurs in 70 percent of the angiosperms in which the life cycle has been charted. and other weeds. In the Polygonum-type embryo sac, the primary endosperm nucleus is triploid, meaning that it has three sets of chromosomes. Any plant of the genus Polygonum, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation. See also: What is the meaning of Smartweed, Green, Lady, Achene, May? diverse genus of herbs or woody subshrubs of north temperate regions Define Polygonum by Webster's Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary. Polygonum: Henero sa mga tanom nga bulak ang Polygonum. Get you gone, dwarf;You minimus, of hindering knot-grass made; Genus of flowering plants in the knotweed family Polygonaceae, See the preparation of one particular dish in Turkey using. What made you want to look up polygonum? Other genera, such as Polygonella, have been subsumed into Polygonum. Polygonum aviculare or common knotgrass is a plant related to buckwheat and dock. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word Polygonum. One set comes from the sperm and two sets come from the polar nuclei. Polygonum knotweed, a genus of annual and perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the family Polygonaceae. There are usually four to six stamens and three (rarely two) styles. Example sentences with the word polygonum. The fruit is three-sided. a kind of plant; poly`s many + go`ny the knee, a joint of a plant. Accessed 22 Dec. 2020. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Meaning and Definition of polygonum. Some synonyms are listed below.[10]. — called also knotweed. The genus name is usually said to be from the Greek πολυ- (poly-, 'many') and γόνυ (gonu, 'knee' or 'joint'), in reference to the swollen jointed stem. Meaning of Polygonum with illustrations and photos. Care should be taken not to confuse Polygonum with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of plants. It is originally a Greek word (polygonon) meaning "many-angled thing". polygonum example sentences. Molecular phylogenetic studies, particularly in the 21st century, have led to major changes. Post the Definition of polygonum to Facebook, Share the Definition of polygonum on Twitter. “Polygonum.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum. A number of species that had been included in Polygonum have been moved into several other genera, including Bistorta, Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Koenigia, Persicaria and Reynoutria. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. Polygonum Polygonum is a genus in the Polygonaceae family. 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Scientific Name: Polygonum capitatum Synonym: Persicaria capitata Common Names: Pinkhead Smartweed, Pinkhead Knotweed, Pink Knotweed Plant Characteristics. Traditional herbalism uses the roots of the plant, either unprocessed or boiled with black beans, for … This list may not reflect recent changes . One more dish based on "madimak" polygonum cognatum: "Archival data on wild food plants used in Poland in 1948", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzNCO94rWXE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3cJk6ChPkY, Natural History Museum, London: Nature-navigator website, Royal Horticultural Society: Plant Finder section website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polygonum&oldid=984065584, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:33. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae.Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae).In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. Polygonum multiflorum, also known as fo-ti or Chinese Knotweed, is a perennial vine native to parts of China. When the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby, with much branched stems. 2001. What is polygonum? Further experiments with herbicides in peppermint are intended to the authorization to more herbicides and to unsolved problems with the weed control like for example the often insufficient effects of the recently authorized herbicides against Solanum spp., Galinsoga spp., Polygonum spp. In angiosperm: Ovules. [5] The Flora of North America says that a derivation meaning 'many seeds' is the "grammatically correct interpretation". Plant Name. Polygonum species are occasionally eaten by humans, and are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Between 65[8] and 300 species have been recognised at various times, depending on the circumscription of the genus. There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Synonyms, Antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of polygonum. The flowers are usually bisexual, rarely unisexual, and have five (occasionally four) tepals, the outer being slightly different from the inner ones. Common names include knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and several others. Definition of Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? 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