Empower Her. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. Porcupines have a good sense of smell, which they use to find fallen fruit or edible roots and bulbs. An adult female crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) was evaluated for acute onset of neurologic signs including head tilt, circling, and ataxia. Yet Latin isn't the only language misidentifying the porcupine: The French word equivalent to the English porcupine is porc espin or "spined pig". Each toe ends in a sharp, strong claw the porcupine uses for two purposes: The first is to help him gain access to his strictly vegetarian diet. The black & white quills along the head and back can be raised into a crest, thus the name. South African por­cu­pines are found from sea level to 2000 m above sea level in most areas with veg­e­ta­tion. These are two other adaptations of hair covering the porcupine's body. African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. The guard hairs are over the top of the underfur on the back and tail. We are a USDA licensed facility. The tips of its quills lodge in its enemy's skin, and the resulting wounds can disable or even kill the predator. Appearances. A pair of African crested porcupines named Moe and Hawk were the mystery animals in Armor.Moe and Hawk were the mystery animals in Armor. African Crested Porcupine. Its body is covered with coarse quills 1 to 13 inches long and of varying thicknesses. This rodent is 25 – 29 inches long (63-73 cm) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds (8-23 kg). New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. The sharp, sturdy quills of the African crested porcupine give it highly effective protection against predators. • “Porcupine” comes from the Latin porcus for pig and spina for spine: “spiny pig.” • All Old World porcupines have spines of some sort, but their spines lack the barbules that characterize the spines of North American porcupines. They pre­fer rocky hills and out­crops, as they must have shel­ter dur­ing the day. The African porcupine is the largest rodent in the regions they inhabit. Porcupines have been known to injure lions, leopards, hyenas, even humans. $750. Some people also keep African crested porcupines (Hystrix cristata) as pets. The North African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine on earth. Hystrix cristata is part of the family Hystricidae. They return to the den and rest during the day. They collect these bones, and store them in an underground chamber, or cave. Porcupine or Cape Porcupine [Hystrix africaeaustralis] Appearance. In the wild, porcupines have been known to collect and chew bones. Their teeth continue to grow throughout their lifetime. Their teeth often take on an orange tint from the tannin enzyme in wood. represent 0.5–34% of lion Panthera leo kills, interactions between the two species are poorly documented. It serves as an insulator keeping the porcupine warm in the winter. The head is roundish and rather domed, with a blunt muzzle and small eyes and ears. How Do Porcupines Communicate With Each Other? Crested porcupine, lion, Plains zebra, common warthog, African bush elephant, giraffe: October 25, 2012 () It's Aviva's birthday, and Chris and Martin decide to collect shed porcupine quills to make a beautiful necklace as a gift. The underfur is a thick yet very fine dark-colored hair covering the skin. Male African Crested Porcupine, born 8/5/20, bottle raised and friendly. Habitat: Found in varied habitats. African crested porcupines eat tubers, bark, bulbs, fallen fruit and cultivated root crops. The Crested Porcupine will avoid dense rainforest but can be found in virtually all other types of habitats. She has received more than 40 awards for excellence in journalism and photography. US sales only. African Crested Porcupines are the 3rd largest rodent in the world, with some indivuduals weighing as much as 60lbs. Although the crested porcupine has been confirmed as a “generalist” species in terms of food selection, with adaptations to dig underground storage organs, a strong preference for fruits and epigeal parts of plants was detected in our study. The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. He uses the claws to dig plants, tear tree bark and pull berries off the vine. Porcupines are the largest and heaviest of all African rodents. Hank was born on September eleventh and he will be two years old this year. Females usually have one litter per year after a pregnancy lasting about 112 days. What Does the Gray Squirrel Use Its Claws For? These porcupines can climb like a squirrel and hang like a possum. • The word porcupine means ‘quill pig.’ • They are the largest rodent in Africa and the largest of the porcupines. Please be sure to do your research on state laws and license requirements prior to contacting us. They are good diggers. Mating is a thorny challenge because of the spines and quills of the two participants. This is the most known old world porcupine The Minecraft Mob Skin, Crested Porcupine, was posted by Thatdudewhoplaysminecraft. The barb at the end is like a fish hook -- it embeds itself in the muscle of whatever attacked the porcupine. Though they forage alone, they live in small family groups made up of an adult pair and their young, both infants and juveniles. They are mostly nocturnal, and they may wander upon the skeletons of many animals. The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. © 2020 WILD SKY MEDIA. They weigh between 22 and 66 pounds. Both the male and female African Porcupines weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds) with very large specicimens weighing up … The Crested porcupine is so called due to its back, which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion. Turbo's longest quills can reach up to 13 inches. Porcupines are very well adapted for their lives in the woods. The guard hairs are over the top of the underfur on the back and tail. The quills of crested porcupines serve as an effective defense against predation. Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. African-crested porcupines are the largest species of porcupines in the world. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of their burrows; in some areas, farmers illegally use poison to kill them. Although African crested porcupines Hystrix spp. Keepers also offer them antlers to carry around and chew. They live about 20 years, both in the wild and in captivity. In either case, the wording focused on the porcupine's quills accurately depicts the feature he is best known for having. Her gentle eyes are a deep brown. If this fails, it runs backwards and rams the attacker with the short, thick quills on its backside. Sprinkle salt in their food or you can provide them with a block of mineral salt. They weigh approximately 50 lbs. If the disturbance continues, they stamp their feet, whirr quills and charge the enemy, back end first, attempting to stab with the thicker, shorter quills (Nowak 1991; Grzimek 1990). The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. The porcupettes are born with open eyes and developed teeth, though the quills on their backs are soft. Porcupines have four sharp incisor teeth in the front of their mouth. This species is proving to be very adaptable to the varied habitats of it's home range. The porcupine's front feet have four toes. They grow as long as four inches and serve as protection for the underfur. • Porcupines often gnaw bones for their minerals and also to sharpen their powerful incisors. These hollow quills are actually modified hairs made of keratin. How to Replace the Carpet on a Cat Scratching Post. To prevent the teeth from curling over, porcupines trim their teeth by chewing on wood. These are stiff, hollow hairs made of keratin and approximately three inches in length with a sharp barb at the end. Today we’re taking African crested porcupine Sharpie for a walk! In North Africa they are killed and sold to be used in traditional medicine. Jun 8, 2018 - African Folk-lore that tells the story of vain Porcupine and how Jackel tricked him out of his luxurious coat of fur only to end up with Porcupine’s well known prickly spines. They are full of energy, curiosity and needs. PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING, Exploring Nature: The Sharp Adaptation Of Porcupines, Minnesota Department Of Natural Resources: Pricklepigs, BBC Nature: Porcupine's Prickly Defence Mystery. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. • African crested porcupines are the largest porcupines in the world and the largest rodent in Africa. The word porcupine in Latin means "quill pig." There are black and white quills on the neck and back. Because they are rodents, their teeth keep growing throughout their lives, like beavers and rats. Porcupines erect their white and black coloured spines and quills using muscles under their skin, making them appear much bigger and threatening. Help expand the Oregon Zoo's local and global conservation efforts by joining our Conservation Circle. How Can I Make Sure My Rabbit Wears Its Teeth Down? Amy M. Armstrong is a former community news journalist with more than 15 years of experience writing features and covering school districts. African crested porcupines are not endangered, but because they eat cultivated crops they are seen as agricultural pests. Ever dapper, the Crested Porcupine Friend dresses herself in a simple but stylish black sweater-vest over top of a gray dress shirt and white business ti… They are nocturnal but can also be active during days. Keepers keep the porcupines mentally stimulated by offering their daily diet in puzzle feeders and doing training sessions to maintain important behaviors like getting on a scale once a month for weight monitoring. A "crest" of spiny hair accentuates the very top of her head, awash in a black-to-white gradient. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 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